[Epub] Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark By Mary Wollstonecraft – Dcrjservices.co.uk

Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark files Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark , read online Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark , free Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark , free Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark , Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark f5167b656 Originally Published In , Mary Wollstonecraft S Account Of Her Trip To Denmark, Norway, And Sweden, Is Compelling Both In Its Picture Of Countries Rarely Visited In Regency Times And Insights Into Mary S Personal Life Her Scenic Descriptions And Political Comments About Norway And Her Encounters With An Impoverished Peasantry And Danish Townsfolk Greedily Obsessed By


10 thoughts on “Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark

  1. says:

    I probably bought this book because of its cover, not the only time I ve bought a book purely on the strength of Caspar David Friedrich A Short Residence in Sweden, Norway Denmark is written in the form of twenty five letters, possibly originally composed as a travel journal, in places it seems that they are addressed to Gilbert Imlay, who had beenor less her husband, and published in 1796, Mary Wollstonecraft s intention was simply to endeavour to give a just view of the present st I probably bought this book because of its cover, not the only time I ve bought a book purely on the strength of Caspar David Friedrich A Short Residence in Sweden, Norway Denmark is written in the form of twenty five letters, possibly originally composed as a travel journal, in places it seems that they are addressed to Gilbert Imlay, who had beenor less her husband, and published in 1796, Mary Wollstonecraft s intention was simply to endeavour to give a just view of the present state of the countries I have passed through, as far as I could obtain information during so short a residence p62.Wollstonecraft was not the ideal traveller She spoke none of the languages of the countries she travels through She dislikes the duvets view spoiler too soft, and the bedrooms are too warm and the children are too warmly dressed hide spoiler , the meal times view spoiler too early, and they go on too long hide spoiler , the drinking view spoiler her father had been a heavy drinker and a domestic tyrant hide spoiler , the stoves view spoiler she much prefers a good old open fire, inefficient as well as lovely and draughty hide spoiler and the smoking She disapproves of the sugar and spice in the diet finding this to be the cause of the women s bad teeth view spoiler she makes no comment on the state of the men s teeth, perhaps she didn t get close enough hide spoiler Fortunately she wasn t a traveller, she was a woman on a mission.Gilbert Imlay, her common law husband and father of her first child, aspired to a mushroom fortune of his own Taking advantage of the ongoing British blockade of France, with a partner he invested in a blockade runner registered under a false name, filled her with cargo and found a young Norwegian captain for her The gentleman absconded at the earliest opportunity with ship and cargo This wasn t a matter that Imlay could pursue in the British or French courts, however the Danes were prepared to look into it Wollstonecraft was accredited by Imlay as his representative and travelled with a maid and her toddler, with no language skills to negotiate on his behalf At the same time their romantic relationship was, at least as far he was concerned, over and she had shortly before attempted suicide view spoiler and she was to attempt suicide again after meeting with Imlay in London once she returned hide spoiler Unmentioned but very much present in the background of her account of this journey into Norway are her visits to judges and influential men and the Captain of the ship who she follows to his home town, Ris r in south eastern Norway view spoiler it doesn t look so grim in the picture, perhaps it has been much improved over the last two hundred years, but then also ideas about landscapes have changed too nor was Wollstonecraft in a cheerful frame of mind her vision could well have been coloured by her mission hide spoiler dramatically described after a night rowing round skerries and crags to reach the place We were a considerable time entering amongst the islands, before we saw about two hundred houses crowded together, under a very high rock still higher appearing above Talk not of bastilles To be born here, was to be bastilled by nature shut out from all that opens the understanding, or enlarges the heart Huddled one behind another, notthan a quarter of the dwellings even had a prospect of the sea A few planks formed passages from house to house, which you must often scale, mounting steps like a ladder, to enter p131 Flittering across the foreground of her letters however is her pain at the end of the relationship with Imlay and her bitterness towards commercial undertakings and greed which she sees as the cause of the breakdown between the two of them.Above all for me these letters arise out of the Enlightenment and Romanticism, well mixed with Wollstonecraft s passionate engagement, presented in delightful though wordy late eighteenth century English prose Reading her meditations on future ages and her vision of bleak and rocky landscapes I was struck that Wollstonecraft was Mary Shelley s mother inthan simply a physical sense The view of this wild coast, as we sailed along it, afforded me a continual subject for meditation I anticipated the future improvement of the world, observed how much man had still to do, to obtain of the earth all it could yield I even carried my speculations so far as to advance a million or two of years to the moment when the earth would perhaps be so perfectly cultivated, and so completely peopled, as to render it necessary to inhabit every spot yes these bleak shores Imagination went still farther, and pictured the state of man when the earth would no longer support him Where was he to fly to from universal famine Do not smile I really became distressed for these fellow creatures, yet unborn The images fastened on me, and the world appeared a vast prison p130 Although then again having a vision of the character of the landscape was very much in the Zeitgeist and not unique to the two of them.As an observer Wollstonecraft was alive to the manners of the places she travelled through and the characteristics of men and women as well as the cattle winding their weary way to cosy cottages for milking For all her strictures about Scandinavian teeth, she is struck by the kindness of the people she meets towards her and her enthusiasm for beauty and liveliness is contagious There may be many grounds on which to criticise her account, based on a brief visit to a limited number of places, but the power of the book is that if ever there was a book calculated to make a man in love with its author, this appears to me to be the book as William Godwin wrote in his Memoirs of the Author of The Rights of Woman p249.These memoirs were written shortly after Wollstonecraft s death and are striking for there careful, even analytical, tone and sense of loss Godwin was roundly criticised for these memoirs because he scandalously mentioned Wollstonescraft s lack of belief in hell and made clear that she had sexual relationships outside of the state of matrimony This edition has footnotes and several appendixes for the amendments that Godwin made to the second edition in which he tried to soft pedal and make Wollstonecraft s life approximate the norms of Georgian Britain s polite society Imagine Jane Austen confronted with a woman of similar social background who attempted to earn a living through running schools and translation, provided for her siblings setting them up as best she could, assisted her father through the morass of his financial affairs until his death, was in France during the revolution and was acquainted with the Girondist leadership, had an illegitimate child and so on Public outcry over the memoir comes as no surprise In Godwin s account there are two important influences on Wollstonecraft s life Her childhood, the girl was the mother of the woman, and the French Revolution which cracked apart her mind forg d manacles, opening up everything to question For a person as decisive and sure of her own opinion as she was allowed the possibility of attempting to live as she wanted However he is also open about how important an influence Wollstonecraft was on his own life and development As a whole the brief life is as tender a memorial to a lost love as I can imagine The distinct phraseology of Georgian literary English in its own way only adds to the sadness underlying the careful sentences.This volume is nicely presented with a thorough introduction, notes and a map


  2. says:

    It is so delightful to love our fellow creatures, and meet the honest affections as they break forth Still, my good friend, I begin to think that I should not like to live continually in the country with people whose minds have such a narrow range p.15 I feelthan a mother s fondness and anxiety when I reflect on the dependent and oppressed state of her sex I dread lest she should be forced to sacrifice her heart to her principles, or principles to her heart p.24 Marguerite an It is so delightful to love our fellow creatures, and meet the honest affections as they break forth Still, my good friend, I begin to think that I should not like to live continually in the country with people whose minds have such a narrow range p.15 I feelthan a mother s fondness and anxiety when I reflect on the dependent and oppressed state of her sex I dread lest she should be forced to sacrifice her heart to her principles, or principles to her heart p.24 Marguerite and the child often fell asleep, and when they were awake I might still reckon myself alone, as our train of thoughts had nothing in common p.86 Happiness is an 18th century Scandinavian tour in June 2016 Thanks for hopping on


  3. says:

    I read this one based on a friend s review of another edition It is not my normal reading fare and I was quite pleased with what I found in these pages.It was obvious from the start that Wollstonecraft was a very strong and determined woman, independent and intelligent to the max The book is based on letters she wrote to her lover common law husband whose business interests she was pursuing during her travels in the Scandinavian countries I doubt that she intended that they be published.This I read this one based on a friend s review of another edition It is not my normal reading fare and I was quite pleased with what I found in these pages.It was obvious from the start that Wollstonecraft was a very strong and determined woman, independent and intelligent to the max The book is based on letters she wrote to her lover common law husband whose business interests she was pursuing during her travels in the Scandinavian countries I doubt that she intended that they be published.This trip occurred during the late eighteenth century, and certainly was no easy accomplishment In the days before railways travellers travelled by carriage over rough roads Teams had to be changed along the way and the traveller often had to depend on the hospitality of households along the way for meals and overnight accommodations Additionally, a lot of the route was traversed by ship and rowboat It was a long and slow journey, and Mary had lots of time to marvel at the countryside through which she passed She was no shrinking violet when it came to dishing out her opinions, and she had plenty of them In fact, at times her remarks go right past what would be considered fair commentary and carry on to what could only be termed bitching Bitching about the teeth of the hosts, the softness of the beds, the way they overdressed kids, smoking, drinking, the length of the meals, and so on and etcetera until it came as no surprise to me that Imlay had already replaced her as his paramour To be fair, the letters were a private communication and quite possibly she had no idea they would see anyone s eyes but Imlay s.What impressed me the most about our girl Mary is that she had an active mind and interests that covered all the points of the intellectual compass She comments on morality, capital punishment, agriculture, the future of mankinda finger in every intellectual and philosophical pie, so to speak More importantly, many of her observations, made hundreds of years ago, still hold true today Here s a sampling of quotes to show that her mind was not constrained to a single line of thought Health and idleness will always account for promiscuous amours, and in some degree I term every person idle, the exercise of whose mind does not bear some proportion to that of the body P.35 Are you fellows down at the gym paying attention to this But few people have sufficient taste to discern, that the that the art of embellishing, consists in interesting, not astonishing P.124 Regarding landscaping I have always been of opinion that the allowing actors to die, in the presence of the audience, has an immoral tendency but trifling when compared with the ferocity acquired by viewing the reality as a show for it seems to me, that in all countries the common people go to executions to see how the poor wretch plays his part, rather than to commiserate his fate, much less to think of the breach of morality which has brought him to such a deplorable end. P.155 No question about where she would stand on modern TV programmes and violent video games All commas in the quotes above are Ms Wollstonecraft s Mary loved commas and I believe she applied them to the page with a shotgun I have to say that I expected to have to fight my way through this book but I enjoyed it immensely I will be hunting downof her work in the future In spite of her kvetching and superior airs, a fascinating woman


  4. says:

    3.5 starsThis was interesting to meA because of whom it was written byB because I was reading it relating to a group theme.It was interesting reading about life and travelthan 200 years ago Wollstonecraft had an astute eye for detail There are many digressions in the book, some ofinterest than others.


  5. says:

    I have a tricky relationship with Mary Wollstonecraft Although I have great admiration for her work and ideas, I don t actually like reading her books I ve read fiction, non fiction and now this collection of letters This was my favourite so far, as I felt we got a small glimpse of her private life and convictions, in between a lot of recounting of Scandinavian life and landscapes At times it was quite sad, considering who she was writing to and why she was abroad in the first place, but the I have a tricky relationship with Mary Wollstonecraft Although I have great admiration for her work and ideas, I don t actually like reading her books I ve read fiction, non fiction and now this collection of letters This was my favourite so far, as I felt we got a small glimpse of her private life and convictions, in between a lot of recounting of Scandinavian life and landscapes At times it was quite sad, considering who she was writing to and why she was abroad in the first place, but these personal insights, along with her astute appraisal of other lands, made it an interesting and informative read


  6. says:

    The dearth of pre 1800 travel literature for this region and the authorship of these 25 short letters 22 on topic make them significant In 1795 Mary Wollstonecraft learned that, in her absence, her husband as registered in France but not fully legal was living with an actress Shortly after, she made the trip described in these letters with their infant daughter on his behalf Her mission, to track down Gilbert Imlay s partner and missing cargo, is not mentioned in the letters Her brok The dearth of pre 1800 travel literature for this region and the authorship of these 25 short letters 22 on topic make them significant In 1795 Mary Wollstonecraft learned that, in her absence, her husband as registered in France but not fully legal was living with an actress Shortly after, she made the trip described in these letters with their infant daughter on his behalf Her mission, to track down Gilbert Imlay s partner and missing cargo, is not mentioned in the letters Her broken heart is alluded to, but not explained The letters describe the scenery, modes of transport and accommodation and give observations on the people, their government, commerce and culture We can easily download scenic images from anywhere, anytime, but 18th century readers surely appreciated this was a popular book what we consider overdone writing on waterfalls, mountains, roads, rock formations farms and homes What stays with the modern reader, are the all too few glimpses of the people, their way of life and their customs this prose is similarly dated but Wollstonecraft is ahead of her time in what she chooses to describe and what she says about it She has observations on the role of women, how they dress, marry, work hard and are treated but overall, there ison the poor She notes the very low wages and how this results in groveling and dishonesty Protective import and export policies favor the merchant class and raise the price of goods making items of clothing out of reach for the poor Wollstonecraft observes capital punishment and notes how this kind of public display does not deter crime and sadly people enjoy the spectacle She notes the crude life of working people Most accept injustice as part of life those who try to change things are severely punished.There are two recurring themes about human progress One, stated most clearly on p.71, is that manners will introduce a finer moral feeling The other is the idea that science and progress should change values from pursuit of convenience to developing the senses and taste The publisher has included the letters Wollstonecraft wrote to Imlay while on this trip These had been originally published by Wollstonecraft s second husband These and the excerpts from his book on her have historical importance, but leave me a little breathless about a man publishing the most intimate writing of his wife and the details of her heartbreak.There are some reviews of the material from the time While the text says they are favorable, I found them tepid and that they demonstrated the sexism she faced.For all the value of the documents there is an absolutely horrible map It needs an outline the country borders I needed a magnifying glass to read the names of the places.That the author of these letters is Wollstonecraft sets a high bar that is not met Amid the thick prose I found too few observations to say I got much out of it


  7. says:

    In this volume are two separate works Mary Wollstonecraft s A Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark and William Godwin s Memoirs of the Author of The Rights of Woman I would rank the first of these two works with five stars, as Mary Wollstonecraft not only has a lively style but also a heart free of cant You have sometimes wondered, my dear friend, at the extreme affection of my nature But such is the temperance of my soul It is not the vivacity of youth, gthe hey day of existence In this volume are two separate works Mary Wollstonecraft s A Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark and William Godwin s Memoirs of the Author of The Rights of Woman I would rank the first of these two works with five stars, as Mary Wollstonecraft not only has a lively style but also a heart free of cant You have sometimes wondered, my dear friend, at the extreme affection of my nature But such is the temperance of my soul It is not the vivacity of youth, gthe hey day of existence For years have I endeavoured to calm an impetuous tide labouring to make my feelings take an orderly course It was striving against the stream I must love and admire with warmth, or I sink into sadness.The long severing of her relationship with her husband Gilbert Imlay lends a darkening aspect to her descriptions of the Scandinavian countries she visited, originally at the behest of Imlay She continues At present black melancholy hovers round my footsteps and sorrow sheds a mildew over all my future prospects, which hope no longer gilds The biography written by William Godwin, her last love, is colored by his wife s recent death in childbirth in 1797 It is a melancholy work in its own right and was much criticized as being inappropriate by critics who were aghast at things that were simply not discussed in polite company Godwin might not have been polite company, but he had a loving heart and appreciated his Mary


  8. says:

    Free download available at Project Gutenberg.


  9. says:

    In 1795, while French armies roamed over Europe, Mary Wollstonecraft set off for Scandinavia, baby daughter and nursemaid in tow, where English travellers were very rare and lone female travellers unheard of These letters, edited from those she sent to Gilbert Imlay the American father of her child and all round unreliable cad , show her to be a warm hearted, intelligent observer, alive to natural beauty, passionate about politics, and alternately hopeful and despairing of the future both her In 1795, while French armies roamed over Europe, Mary Wollstonecraft set off for Scandinavia, baby daughter and nursemaid in tow, where English travellers were very rare and lone female travellers unheard of These letters, edited from those she sent to Gilbert Imlay the American father of her child and all round unreliable cad , show her to be a warm hearted, intelligent observer, alive to natural beauty, passionate about politics, and alternately hopeful and despairing of the future both her personal future and the future of humanity, of which she had great hopes, despite the horrifying turn recently taken by the revolution in France A book full of surprises and evidence of a wonderful mind on every page


  10. says:

    An interesting record of a intrepid adventurer I didn t enjoy this quite as much as I had hoped, but my expectations were high There were a lot of brilliant insights into 18th century society and politics, and many of Wollstonecraft s reflections, particularly about women in society, still apply today I didn t like some of her critiques, which often sounded Puritanical and detached Also her commentary on Nature began inspiring but after a while became a bit too whimsical and repetitive.


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